Stamps Serie Flora and Fauna

5th November is the Day of National Flora and Fauna. Related to flower, animals and trees, reminded that Indonesia is one of the country between 7 mega-biodiversity, with tropical forest ownership exposure third in the world after Brazil and Zaire. This shows that Indonesia is a country that is rich in natural resources flora and fauna. Property earth of Indonesia is a bounty that should be thanks to God, and it is obligation of every people to preserve them as well as possible, so that it can be used optimally both for the current generation and future generations.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp 150,-

Nickname : ANDALAS (from West Sumatera)
Latin name: Morus macroura
Other Name: Hole Tanduk, Andaleh, mulberry

Tree Andalas classified high quality wood. The tree can reach 40 m high with a diameter 1 m. Trunk-free branches can reach more than 15 m, so for the material briquet well enough. The shape of leaf like the mulberry leaves that are their close relatives, such as heart, but the surface leaves a little rough because there are fur-feather. Leaf stalk and branches also furry, fluff can cause itching in sensitive skin. Gather fruit in red when ripe, juicy and very sweet, sour, similar mulberry fruit.

The tree classified as species grow in the plateau. It grows in the forests of the mixture with enough rain in the plateau at 900-1600 m above sea. Like the fertile soil, volcanic's , humus enough and loose.

This type classified diligent produce enough fruit and flowers. From the end of the ripe fruit to appear flowering take about 6 months. So as individual, this type can bear fruit twice a year. However, the most fruit usually found in the month of July to December.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp 150,-

Nickname : Nibung (from Riau,Sumatra)
Latin name: Oncosperma tigillarium
Other name: Ruyung

Nibung is including in the group of Palm, which is still wild, it grows in clumps such as bamboo. One Palm Nibung has 5-18 saplings. High stem/tree can reach 30 m, straight and thorny, stem diameter about 20 cm. Leaves such as coconut leaves and edges slightly curved and the young leaves bend so that the crown seems beautiful. The bright yellow color rod. Flowering shaped bunches like palm blossom of coconut which hang, the color of grain yellow to purple. In each palm blossom, there are 2 types of flowers, male flower and female flower. Generally, 1 female flower framed by 2 male flowers. The wrapping 'spathe of inflorescence of palm tree' smooth in dark purple color.

Nibung grow in lowland with climate wet. Dissemination is generally limited near the tidal coastal's forest. And grow well in the altitude of 0 - 50 m above sea level.

Nibung grow wild and breed naturally through the young plants which grows around the base of its parent plant (5 - 18 saplings).

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp 150,-

Nickname : AMPUPU (from East Timor - now called "Timor Leste" as an independent country, after separated from Indonesia in 1999)
Latin name: Eucalyptus urophylla

Wooden tree from this dry region can reach 55 m high, with 200 cm in diameter. Trunked straight and its branch has small size. The thick leaves with the clear nerves. Leaves sometimes used as ingredients of traditional medicine. Flower is in the series 5 - 8 flowers that appear in the armpit leaves at the tip of branching. Fruit bowl-shaped, sized 6-10 mm x 7-12 mm. This tree source a wooden timber ekaliptus which is important. Other than pulp materials, the wooden used as the material firewood and materials to make charcoal. Skin stem contains tannin (substances tanner) more than 10%. These plants also function as important as preventing soil erosion and water regulator governance.

This plants like open place, often found in secondary forest mountains. Grow well in the deep land and in humid, at the height of 350-3000 m above sea level. Multiplication usually with its seed. Spread in Nusa Tenggara and many planted in tropical regions of the world.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp. 150,-

Nickname : Orchid LARAT
Latin name: Dendrobium phalaenopsis

This orchid-shaped double stem, at the base is small, middle belly, to tip off again. Lancet-shaped leaves, tip not symmetrical, length approx. 12 cm, width approx. 2 cm. Flowers arranged in a series of bunches-shaped, which grows on the stem of the book, rather hang up, length approx. 60 cm; the number of flower every bunches are 6 to 24 buds. Each flowers has diameter approx. 6 cm.Leaf sheath of lancet-shaped, purplish. Leaf crown more short, but widder than sheath; the base narrow; gabled ends and purplish.Lips has crown, three crown shape funnel; crown center wide, gabled or taper, purplish. Ellipse-shaped fruit, 3.2 cm length, flowers rare to result fruits.

Grows well in hot areas, at the height between 0-150 m above sea level.In the island "Larat", they growth at the trees and coral lime which get enough sunlight. In the mountains, the growth is not so good. In general, flowering after the rainy season.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp. 150,-

Nickname : MATOA
Latin name: Pometia pinnata

Matoa tree can reach 47 m high, with a diameter stem 140 cm, the large buttress root reach 5.50 m high. Finned leaves with 3-13 pairs of leaves saplings. The bottom leaves often look like stipula. Parts of the young are sometimes fuzzy. Flower male and female. Ellipse-shaped fruit, size reached 3.5 x 3 cm, with different skin colors, from yellow, dark red, purple or brown. The fruit meat thin and sweet. In other place, this plant is better known as the producer board, which is quite good for the building (windows, doors, floors and others) also for agricultural equipment and sporting equipment and materials to make charcoal. Skin stem also used as traditional medicine ingredient.

These plants are found in the primary and secondary forests, to a height of 1,700 m above sea level. Spread from Sri Lanka and the Andaman archipelago, through Southeast Asia to Fiji and Samoa.Multiplication with the seeds and stem cutting.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp. 150,-

Nickname : KUAU KING
Latin name: Argusianus argus
Another name: Kuang

Bird is easily recognized because it has a beautiful body shape and specific. The male body is larger and feathered with the pattern that is more interesting than the female. The weight of the male can reach about 11.5 kg and the length of the body until the tail end near of 2 meters. This is caused by the two pieces fur tails the middle lengthwise pierce it. Generally body discriminate with a brownish-colored base-circle roundabout flamboyant and freckled grayish.

The skin around the head and neck in the male does not usually has feather and bluish. In the occipital (the rear head) females have crest feathers are soft. Pale yellow beak and around the pit nose blackish. Slice eyes red. Feet reddish color and has no spur / heel.

The sound of birds is very loud so it can be heard from a distance of more than one mile. A male voice can be distinguished because they have the repetition of short intervals. Meanwhile, the female voice has a recurrence interval with the more rapid and last sound long once. This bird has a voice alert that features a short, sharp and a wave of raucous.

Bird is like living in forest areas, ranging from low to the height of some 1,000 m above sea level. The spread of the bird is in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Also found in Southeast Asia. The food consists of fruit that fall, grains, shellfish, and all the various types of insects. Bird is also looking for sources of drinking water at around eleven o'clock noon.

This bird laying the eggs usually numbering two, the color egg is beige or yellow leucorrhoea with small spots across the surface. Size approximately 66 x 47 mm. This eggs hatched by female for more than 25 days. Children of birds will reach the adult level approximately within one year.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp. 150,-

Latin name: Loriculus galgulus
Another name: Sindit, Seindit

Serindit shapes such as birds parakeet, but his tails is short. Feather wings light green mixed yellowish, while his back are yellow and brownish. Dark green tails, mingled with the red and black. His beak black, while at the top of his head, there are blue. Serindit male at the top of the chest there is a red orb-shaped, while the female serindit green yellowish. Differences color at the top of the chest has made easier to determine whether they are serindit male or female. His finger totaling four. Bird is well relative small, sprightly and intrepid nature, especially the serindit male. Like other birds from this group, this type has a strange habit to hang down on the time sleeping.

Serindit live in dense forests, and always in group and as pair. In the area of Riau, Serindit population is the largest in Sumatra, while in the island of Riau kepualuan, although there is (generally on the big islands of the sylvan dense) are not many in number.

Area distribution is the Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Island of Anambas, Kalimantan, Island of Riau, Bangka and Belitung, Sumatra and islands such as Nias, Siberut, Sipora and Enggano.

The food consists of nectar, flowers, fruits, seeds and small insects possible.

The proliferate' season between January and July. The nest at hole of alive tree or dead tree. Nest is located about 12 m from the ground. The number of eggs are average 3 pcs. These eggs hatch after 3 - 4 weeks.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp. 150,-

Latin name: Philemon buceroides
Other name: Kakoak

Adult birds have a total length of 330 mm. 43 mm long beak, wings 146 - 160 mm, tail 129 mm and Tarsus 41 mm. Cikukua lantang is including chatter birds, where the sound is very beautiful and sonorous, with the typical sounds like kakekkeku, kkorik, queww.

On the side of the face and face region front of eyes (and sometimes besides his crown) is not a closed feather and colored black soot, but with black hair like pillars. Next to the neck crown and ear cover colored light brown. Long beak and spiky, with or without empty lump at the base, dark brown in color. The brown eyes.
The top of the feather brown grayish color with a dusky narrow like funnel. In areas throat and chest at the top, the color dark gray brown and dusky-like wide pillars but with a whitish color. Edge from the top of generally pale gray brownishand feather form pole. Feet dark brown.

These birds live among the leaves and flowers on high trees and alone. This is the habitat of birds in the lowland forest, forest edges, secondary forest, savanna, the trees along the coast, often approach the trees in our gardens. This type prefer to play in the coastal plains.

Bird Cikukua lantang is one of the birds that have only in the eastern part of Indonesia, that is : the Aru Archipelago, lowland Irian Jaya and Timor.

It is including the birds group eat nectar, but this bird can also live from the fruits with thick meat, such as banana, papaya or other similar. In addition, Cikukua lantang also find small insects, especially worm or other insect flyblow.

Ability lay only 2-3 eggs, eggs colored pink rather pale, with the spot-brown birthmark, the size of eggs 23.3 x 23 mm. The young birds will stay in the nest, and will separate from his mother after able to find their own food.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp 150,-

Nickname : ARYAT AMBON
Latin name: Alisterus amboinensisi
Other Name: Nuri Raja Ambon

Body length 35 cm. Such as the other type of parrot, Nuri Raja known with his crooked beak. His color very light, such as the other type of parrot that most combination of red and green. Head and neck bright red, the wing and rear body green. Tails black bluish.

Nuri Raja live in forest pamah up to a height of 1,400 m above sea level. In nature, live in groups, occupy the high trees are not rare birds, crowds make this tumult.

Spread : The island of Ambon, Seram Island, the other Central Maluku, Peleng, Talibu, Seho, Mangole, Buru and Halmahera Island, North Maluku region.

The food is fruit, seeds, nectar, shoots of the plant.

These birds nest in holes of big trees with eggs 2 pcs. Only the female birds are brood of eggs. The duration of incubation eggs is 19 days, and the birds begin to fly at the age of 9 weeks after the hatch. The size of eggs average is 33.4 x 26.1 mm.

Breeding this type is not too difficult, some wildlife parks in the country has successfully breed this type.

Serie Flora Fauna the Year of 1994
Nominal : Rp 150,-

Latin name: Seleucidis melanoleuca
Another name: Bird Cenderawasih 12 Kawat, Dewata Dua Belas Kawat, Palengo, Warju, Waygu

Bird has typical characteristic that is the long feather of 12 pieces from his back, with length 30 cm. Feather as the wire in brown grayish. Color is beautiful, with a pattern of big Cenderawasih Yellow or Red with the wing and back in bright brown. However, the details of the color pattern Cenderawasih Dua Belas Kawat, significantly different with types of other Cenderawasih.

Female and male has difference colors pattern. The male has a decorative feather in the neck that can be split. The feather in black shiny, green layer and outskirts of shiny green. When the split, that is when caress the female, hair will cover part of his head. Thick side fur also cover the stomach, stretching backside in yellow gold.

The female has brown color at her back, with the red on the edge of the wings, while the chest brown spot. Because of the beauty of birds, the most of them in the paradisaeidae tribes, especially the males, be hunted to be decorative animals, both alive and dead.

Their habitat is lowland rain forest near the coastal and forests along rivers in the lowland, especially in the sago palm forest and Pandanus. In general, living in the forest pamah in Irian Jaya. At the time are not flying, birds stay in the branches of trees. The spread of the bird is in Salawati, Irian and Papua New Guinea.

Food consists of insects, flyblow insects, fruits, grains and Honey.

Nest made in the branches of trees. Nest-shaped shallow bowl, which made from Pandaus' leaves, bark, with the inside coated fine roots and plant fiber. There is only one egg in it, colored beige stripped in dark brown and grayish. Egg size of 40.7 x 26.5 mm.

It is known that some wildlife park outside of the country has been able to multiply this elegant birds while in the country have not appeared in the results. Need to do research on various aspects of this bird 'Dewata Dua Belas Kawat'.

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